Cancer Literacy

Breast Cancer Information & Resources


Clips from our Breast Cancer program.


  • Breast Cancer & Information about Dense Breast Tissue
    Sponsored by the H H S Office on Women's Health
    This Federal Govt web site linked below provides a range of reliable information on a variety of health topics for women. The site is arranged alphabetically; visitors are encouraged to visit and type in questions by subject. - The Federal Source for Women's Health Information
    800-994-9662. TDD: 888-220-5446

    • The National Cancer Institute’s Cancer Information Service Toll-Free 800-422-6237
      www.womenshealth.govFrequently Asked Questions

    • Mammograms - National Cancer Institute
      Provides A Fact Sheet with detailed questions and answers in English and Spanish about Breast Cancer and Mammograms. Breasts contain both dense tissue (i.e., glandular tissue and connective tissue)

    • Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) - National Cancer Institute
      November 25, 2014 - Breast tissue that is dense on a mammogram...

    • Definite breast cancer risks : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK
      The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) is the UK equivalent of the NIH.  It has guidelines and information that might be helpful for comparative purposes, and might provide information in a manner that sheds new light on questions.  It might be beneficial to visit this site.

    • Dense Breast Tissue / CT Law Requirements (S.B. 458 was signed by Gov. Jodi Rell)

      Women With Dense Breast Tissue Are At Increased Risk For Breast Cancer.  This has been determined to be a medical fact.  In June 2009 CT passed State Law S.B.458 - which requires that all mammography reports given to a patient after October 1, 2009 must include information about breast density for the early detection of breast cancer. Thanks largely to the efforts of Nancy Cappello, Ph.D., of Woodbury, CT (a breast cancer survivor); if your regular mammogram shows that you have dense breast tissue, which could hide small abnormalities, the report should recommend that you might benefit from supplementary screening tests.  These tests can include a breast ultrasound screening or a breast MRI examination, or both, depending on your individual risk factors.  Learn more by visiting Nancy Cappello’s informative web site at:  

      Nancy has been vigilant in her effort to increase awareness about what it means to have dense breast tissue. In 2004, she was diagnosed with stage IIIC breast cancer. Even though she had gone for regular mammograms, her dense tissue masked the cancer; this means for those with dense tissue a regular mammogram is not enough.

      While a mammogram detects 98% of cancers in women with fatty breast tissues, it finds only 48% in women with dense breast tissue. The addition of a single screening ultrasound to mammogram increases detection of breast cancers that are small and node-negative. Mrs. Cappello contacted OneWorld about our recent breast cancer education program and suggested that future programs include this important information.  We thank her. 


    General Health News


    Breast Cancer Risk Rises with Density
    By: Aaron Hirschorn | Wednesday 23 June 2010

    New Screening

    This density makes finding abnormalities difficult, since both dense areas and tumors show up white on a mammogram. But now, women with dense breast tissue can undergo a new exam in conjunction with their yearly mammogram called a SonoCiné.

    SonoCiné is an automated whole breast ultrasound (AWBU) exam that, when added to an annual mammogram, can find additional and smaller cancers that mammography alone could miss. The SonoCiné exam is also computer-guided, requiring no breast compression or injections. It is also permanently recorded for physician review and follow-up.

    Multiple studies all conclude that as breast density goes up, so does the risk of breast cancer. "There are very few things we know about that are so reproducibly found," says Dr. Norman Boyd, senior scientist at the Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research at the Ontario Cancer Institute in Toronto.

    A study recently published in the journal European Radiology cited the benefits of adding the SonoCiné exam with a mammogram
    . In 6,425 cases, researchers found that breast-cancer detection doubled from 23 cancers detected by mammography alone, to 46 using AWBU along with mammography. In addition, the number of detected invasive cancers 10 millimeters or less in size tripled from 7 to 21 when AWBU findings were added to mammography. The study concluded that AWBU resulted in significant cancer detection improvement, compared with mammography alone in women with dense breast tissue.





    Tumor Size:

    • T1 = 0-2 cm
    • T2 = 2-5cm
    • T3 = >5cm
    • T4 = ulcerated or attached

    N= Node Status:

    • N0 = clear, or negative nodes
    • N1 = cancerous, or positive nodes

    M= Metastasis:

    • M0 = no spread of tumor
    • M1 = tumor has spread


    The staging of your diagnosis is used to help decide on what treatment options are best for you. Other factors will be taken into consideration; your age, your general health, the results of blood tests, estrogen receptor status and other hormone tests.


    There is a detailed and informative slideshow about the
    Stages of Breast Cancer on the Mayo Clinic's website:

    Slide show: Stages of breast cancer


    Breast Cancer: MedlinePlus
    The primary NIH organization for research on Breast Cancer is the National...


    Breast Cancer and the Sentinel Node Biopsy
    Learn more about the sentinel node biopsy, a technique used in cases of breast cancer to pinpoint lymph nodes where the cancer may have spread...


    Breast Cancer Causes, Stages, and Tumor Information
    In order to determine the stage of breast cancer, the oncologist considers three important factors: tumor size, nodal status and metastasis. Tumor size.



    Is There a New Kind Of Breast Cancer?: Paget's Disease


    A widely circulating e-mail article claims that new form of breast cancer and starts as a rash on a woman's breast, instead of showing up as a lump.

    Here are some additional reliable sources of information:

    Definition of Paget Disease of the Nipple
    Information from the NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms.


    Paget Disease of the Nipple: Questions and Answers
    A fact sheet about Paget disease of the nipple, an uncommon type of breast cancer that is sometimes called mammary Paget's disease.

    National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 6.39


    The health or education information provided on this web site is not intended to constitute medical or educational advice or the provision of medical or educational services. By posting and maintaining this website and its contents, OneWorld Progressive Institute, Inc does not intend to solicit business from community participants, nor is this information intended to be a substitute for visits to medical doctors, other health professionals, and/or  educators located in Greater New Haven or elsewhere within our contact area.



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P.O. Box 8662, New Haven, CT 06531

Phone: (203) 407-0250