Topic: “Breast Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment Options” (Cancer Educ) PT 2
Lyndsay Harris, M.D., Director, Yale Breast Cancer Program (YBCP)
Shon Black, M.D., Surgeon, YBCP
Meena Moran, M.D., Radiation Oncologist, YBCP
Breast Cancer is Common
* Less than 39 years old: 1 in 231 (0.5%)
* 40 – 59 years old: 1 in 25 (4%)
* 60 – 79 years old: 1 in 15 (7%)
* If a women lives to 90 years old: 1 in 7 (14%)
Breast Health and Cancer Prevention
* Perform monthly self breast exams.
* Mammogram every year starting at 40 years of age.
* Limit alcohol and smoking. - Maintain a healthy weight.
* Limit estrogen replacement therapy to 5 years.
* Have a doctor examine you as soon as you notice a breast problem.
* Breast mass that you can feel. - Nipple discharge.& ·Abnormal mammogram.
* Benign Breast Conditions
* Breast mass - cyst, fibro adenoma, galactocele
* Nipple discharge – papilloma, dilated ducts
* Mammogram – calcium, normal breast tissue, scar tissue
* May present as a mass, nipple discharge, or abnormal mammogram.
* Have a breast exam by a doctor, a mammogram, and possibly an ultrasound.
Types of Breast Tissue Biopsies:
Needle biopsy with a mammogram
Needle biopsy with an ultrasound,
Needle biopsy with a MRI & Surgery
Types of Breast Cancer: Non-Invasive, Invasive, Ductal, Lobular & Inflammatory
Breast Cancer Characteristics: Size, Grade, Receptors, Estrogen, Progesterone,
HER2, Axillary Lymph Node Involvement & Distant Metastasis
Breast Cancer Treatment: Surgery, Medicines, Radiation
* Surgery - Takes out the cancer in the breast and lymph nodes.= Lumpectomy
* Mastectomy ± reconstruction, - Sentinel lymph node biopsy & Axillary lymph
* Medicines given in the vein or by mouth to prevent or treat cancer in other parts of the body: Chemotherapy, Hormonal Therapy, Herceptin, Oncotype DX
* Survivorship Program
* Beams given to the chest ± axilla for local cancer control.
* Whole breast radiation & Partial breast radiation
Current Studies at Yale Breast Center
* Breast Tomosynthesis
* Partial Breast Radiation
* Chemotherapy Trials
High Risk Patients
* Consider Tamoxifen or a related medicine.
* Consider breast MRI.
* Twice yearly breast exams by a physician.
* Continue yearly mammogram.
* Consider genetic counseling.
If you get breast cancer: Don’t lose hope! Seek treatment! Get Informed!
* Take time to learn what your options are. Seek support from family and friends.
For Additional Information:
* Yale Breast Center: 203-785-2328
* Mammogram Van: 203-688-8600
Yale Cancer Center – 866 – Yale Cancer; Web site: yalecancercenter.org
McGivney Cancer Center: www.srhs.org/cancer
1·800·ACS·2345, www.cancer.org also: www.breastcanceralliance.org
This product was added to our catalog on Friday 11 September, 2009.